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Overview of Reading Comprehension

Page history last edited by fran toomey 14 years, 10 months ago

There are many models of reading comprehension.  Most comtemporary models focus sets of skills, processes, or strategies that will help learners read with deeper meaning.  Some authors categorize a coherent set of skills/strategies; other authors simply list strategies they believe are supported by efficacy research.


For example,

Carlisle and Rice  (Improving Reading Comprehension, 2002) name four types of strategies:

Preparatory Strategies

Organizational Strategies

Elaboration Strategies

Executive Strategies


Judith Irwin (Teaching Reading Comprehension Processes, 1991) describes 5 interrelated processes:



Integrative Processes

Elaborative Processes

Metacognitive Processes


Harvey and Goudvis (Strategies that Work, 2000) give 6 strategies:

Making connections




Determining Importance

Synthesizing Information


Boke (I'm A Reader (2004) lists and elaborates on 9 strategies:


Making Connections

Analyzing Text Structure

Recognizing Words and Understanding Sentences

Exploring Inferences

Asking Questions

Determining Important Ideas and Themes

Evaluating, Summarizing and Synthesizing

Rereading and Adjusting Approaches to Text


These models are compared to the SPOKES model in the Models of Reading Comprehension link.





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